December 28, 2012
Top Sustainable Investment Stories of 2012, Part 2
by Robert Kropp
As growing numbers of corporate governance advocates call on the Securities and Exchange Commission
to regulate disclosure of corporate political spending, Walden Asset Management leads a shareowner
campaign for disclosure of lobbying expenditures; and Wal-Mart faces investor criticism following
allegations of bribery in Mexico.
In 2011, the Center for Political
Accountability (CPA) and the Zicklin Center for Business Ethics Research at the Wharton School
collaborated on the first publication of the CPA-Zicklin Index
of Corporate Political Accountability and Disclosure. The Index was updated in September of
this year, and CPA and Zicklin have expanded their research to include the top 200 companies in the
S&P 500 by market capitalization.
Index of Corporate Political Spending
The shareowner campaign to pressure corporations to disclose their
political spending activities was galvanized by the US Supreme Court's Citizens United decision in
January, 2010. Early in 2012, CPA announced that the number of corporations agreeing to disclose
their direct political contributions has reached 100. "The companies have agreed to disclose their
direct corporate political contributions, indirect political spending through trade associations
and other groups such as 'social welfare' 501(c)(4)s and to implement board oversight," the
And according to As You Sow's annual Proxy Preview, published in advance
of the 2012 proxy season, shareowners filed 47 resolutions requesting that companies disclose their
political expenditures as well as payments to trade associations, and provide board oversight of
political spending activities.
As You Sow Publishes Proxy Preview
A new development in the shareowner campaign occurred this year, when Walden Asset Management led a coalition of 40
institutional investors that called on 40 corporations to report on lobbying expenditures. The
resolutions filed by the investors also call for disclosure of indirect funding of lobbying through
In 2010, more than $1 billion was spent by corporations to influence
the political process. Of that amount, 87% was expended on lobbying activities.
the issue is environmental impact, consumer protection, financial reform or shareholder rights, it
is important for investors to understand how company dollars are spent to influence our laws and
regulations by lobbying activities," Timothy Smith, Director of Environmental, Social and
Governance (ESG) Shareowner Engagement at Walden, stated. "While many companies have modest
government affairs budgets, others spend tens of millions of dollars annually on lobbying directly
and through trade associations. We believe it is timely and appropriate for companies to be much
Shareowners File 40 Resolutions on
Lobbying Expenditures by Corporations
Meanwhile, pressure on the Securities and
Exchange Commission (SEC) to regulate disclosure of corporate political spending grew, as a
petition by a group of academics calling itself the Committee on Disclosure of Political Spending
attracted an unprecedented 300,000 comment letters to the SEC on the issue, most of them in support
In November, SEC staff indicated that the Commission is now considering a
rule on the issue. Support for disclosure "was further evidence that shareholders' demands for
corporate political disclosure were beginning to resonate at the SEC," CPA stated.
Growing Pressure on
SEC to Regulate Corporate Political Spending
In April, the world's largest retailer
was found to have engaged in an extreme form of corporate political spending, when it was reported
that Wal-Mart's Mexican subsidiary fueled its expansion in that country through a campaign of
bribery. Upon learning of the bribes, executives at Wal-Mart's Arkansas headquarters "focused more
on damage control than on rooting out wrongdoing," the New York Times reported.
from sustainable investors and other corporate governance advocates were swift. GMI Ratings awarded the retail giant with its worst
governance rating. "Wal-Mart missed the chance to clean up its alleged bribery problems in Mexico,"
GMI wrote in its analysis, "Just as it also turned a deaf ear to warnings about the mistreatment of
Wal-Mart Gets ESG Rating of F After
Members of the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR), who have
engaged with Wal-Mart on social issues for decades, expressed their dismay over the allegations and
called on the company's management to specifically endorse the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
Sr. Barbara Aires, of the Sisters of Charity of Saint Elizabeth, New Jersey, said,
"We have a tremendous investment in this company in terms of our time, expertise and yes, capital,
and find these allegations deeply disturbing on so many levels. Should these reports be confirmed,
we deem this a significant breach of trust and a loss of management credibility."
most concerned about reports that management participated in impeding a more thorough, independent
investigation into these allegations of corruption," she continued.
Investors Speak Out on Wal-Mart
A number of pension funds filed shareowner lawsuits against
Wal-Mart as well.
Pension Fund Wants Wal-Mart to Come
Clean on Bribery Allegations
Wal-Mart stated earlier this month that its internal
investigation into the bribery allegations is continuing.