May 23, 2012
A Trillion Dollar Call for Best Practices in Fracking Operations
by Robert Kropp
Fifty-five institutional investment organizations representing $1 trillion in assets under
management call for adoption of best practices by oil and gas companies engaged in hydraulic
Many oil and gas companies are focusing their operations on the controversial practice of hydraulic
fracturing, claiming that the reserves of natural gas available by means of the process contribute
a pathway toward national energy independence.
However, concerns have been mounting
rapidly over the impacts of fracking. Those concerns include the contamination of groundwater
sources by the often toxic chemicals used in the process; increased air emissions; and the impacts
on formerly rural communities of what Mark Regier of Everence Financial described to SocialFunds.com last month as a
Sustainable investors and other concerned shareowners were quick to begin
addressing the environmental and social risks of fracking, and by the time of last year's proxy
season shareowner resolutions addressing the practice were already gaining an average 40% support.
At a press conference
held last week, an international coalition of institutional investors with $1 trillion in assets
under management called for the adoption of best practices by corporations engaged in hydraulic
fracturing. The coalition of 55 investment organizations is led by Boston Common Asset Management, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR) and the Investor Environmental Health Network (IEHN).
Citing an Investor Guide
published late last year by ICCR and IEHN, the investors identified the risks to companies engaged
in the practice. The risks include moratoria and outright bans on fracking; the absence of
systematic reporting on risk management; and growing investor unrest over the inability to fully
evaluate the practices of companies.
Richard Liroff of IEHN told SocialFunds.com at the
time of the Investor Guide's publication, "There's a moratorium in the Delaware River Basin,
there's been a moratorium in New York State, there's a moratorium in the Province of Quebec. There
is a ban in France, there is a moratorium in South Africa, and there is a moratorium in the New
South Wales state in Australia."
The investor coalition also pointed out that Chevron's
exploration license in Bulgaria was cancelled as well. In January, legislators there overwhelmingly
approved a ban on fracking.
"Investors need to have greater certainty in the marketplace
as to industry practices and government regulation," said Steven Heim of Boston Common. "The best
course here for investors, the environment and human health will be if all shale gas extractors
wake up, get the message, and use these tools to do it right."
According to the Investor
Guide, best practice in fracking includes 12 core goals:
• Manage risks transparently and
at board level;
• Reduce surface footprint;
• Assure well integrity;
• Reduce and
disclose all toxic chemicals;
• Protect water quality by rigorous monitoring;
Minimize fresh water use;
• Prevent contamination from waste water;
• Minimize and
disclose air emissions;
• Prevent contamination from solid waste and sludge residuals;
• Assure best in class contractor performance;
• Secure community consent; and
• Disclose fines, penalties and litigation.
At the press conference, Liroff said,
"We're encouraging a corporate race to the top in adopting best practices. The best-practices
guide backed by major investors offers both currently achievable goals, such as minimizing fresh
water use, and more aspirational goals, such as virtually eliminating toxic chemicals from
"The guide cites practices that are already used by 17 companies,"
Liroff continued. "Many companies will save money and lower risks, providing business,
environmental, and community benefits."
A second report
on fracking, published earlier this year by the IRRC Institute and the Sustainable Investments Institute (Si2), stated, "How
companies respond to further calls for transparency and adherence to best practices will influence
whether the operating environment will improve or whether future rounds of even more stringent
regulation or outright bans on drilling will ensue. Given the public scrutiny, a few bad actors may
put the entire industry's license to operate at risk."
That a significant number of
companies are now listening to investor concerns over fracking can be discerned by the fact that of
the ten resolutions filed this year addressing the practice, six have been withdrawn in favor of
At last week's press conference, Sister Nora Nash of the Sisters of St.
Francis of Philadelphia, said, "Shale gas companies must earn their 'social license' by operating
in a more responsible manner. Companies must address the community and environmental concerns
prompting bans and moratoria. They must listen closely, respond sensitively, and account to both
investors and communities for their actions. Otherwise, this is an uncharted process of unwanted
development that deprives communities of their rights and leads to litigation and loss of investor
Two of the fracking resolutions remaining are filed with Chevron and
ExxonMobil, and shareowners will vote on them at the companies' annual general meetings, both
scheduled for May 30th.
"Chevron and ExxonMobil are emerging as laggards by failing to
address investor concerns in a meaningful way," said Larisa Ruoff, Director of Shareholder Advocacy
for Green Century Capital Management, a
lead filer of the Chevron proposal. "As two of the largest oil and gas companies in the US, these
companies should step up and respond to a significant portion of their shareholders by providing
increased disclosure on how each company is managing the risks associated with fracking