June 23, 2009
Activist Shareowners Tally Victories in 2009 Proxy Season
by Robert Kropp
The Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility and As You Sow report successful shareowner
efforts on resolutions addressing corporate governance, the environment, and human rights.
Activist shareowners looked forward to a historic proxy season in 2009, as record numbers of
shareowner resolutions addressing corporate governance were filed in the wake of what Laura Berry,
the Executive Director of the Interfaith Center on
Corporate Responsibility (ICCR), an association of 275 faith-based institutional investors,
described to SocialFunds.com as "The catastrophic collapse in governance" in 2008.
In response to a more rational consideration on the part of the new administration of
scientific evidence on climate change, many resolutions were filed to address that issue as well.
Prompted by a report from Green
Century Capital Management, an ICCR member, that detailed some of the successes of the
investment advisor's shareowner resolutions, SocialFunds.com asked some of the leading
organizations in the shareowner advocacy movement about their experiences in the 2009 proxy season.
Among the successes reported by Green Century were agreements from Whole Foods and Sunoco
to restrict their use of the chemical bisphenol A (BPA), and agreements from three companies to
adopt policies that increase corporate transparency by reporting contributions from entities that
may lobby against climate change solutions.
In addition, a resolution filed by Green
Century at ConocoPhillips, requesting that the company assess the environmental impacts of its tar
sands operations in Alberta, Canada, won one-third of shareowner votes.
According to Berry
of ICCR, "There were 722 reported actions in the ICCR database for this proxy season, the biggest
number ever. 390 resolutions were actually filed by ICCR members, and the rest led to dialogues
with the companies."
Berry continued, "Investors who may have been inclined to only worry
in the past are now beginning to take action, especially on governance issues. Few of the advisory
resolutions on corporate governance received less than 40% of shareowners' votes this year."
Berry reported that among the new activities addressing governance, the issue of predatory
credit card lending was especially successful, more so considering that resolutions targeting Bank
of America and CitiGroup were filed for the first time.
"Fifteen separate resolutions on
predatory credit card lending were filed by ICCR members," Berry said. "At Bank of America, the
first-time shareowner resolution won one-third of the vote, and the resolution at CitiGroup got 26%
of the vote."
Among other actions taken by ICCR members, according to Berry, were
resolutions addressing environmental issues such as the potential dangers posed by nanotechnology,
food safety and labor practices on factory farms, the human right to water in an age of increasing
"We've been paying a lot of attention to human slavery," Berry said.
"We're more aggressively going after that aspect of human rights, especially in the child sex
Adam Kanzer, Managing Director and General Counsel of Domini Social Investments, an Associate Member of ICCR, told
SocialFunds.com, "Our human rights proposal at Nucor received 27%. We withdrew the resolution last
year, when the company took some steps to address the problem. But we believe they could do more.
In particular, we’d like to see the company report on its efforts to address slavery in its supply
chain, and we’d like to see Nucor sign the Brazilian National Agreement to Eradicate Slavery. Nucor
claims to essentially be doing what the Agreement calls for on its own, but I think it’s important
that they formally become part of the initiative."
SocialFunds.com also spoke with Conrad
MacKerron, the Director of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Program at As You Sow. The program MacKerron heads uses shareowner advocacy to
catalyze change in publicly held corporations.
A prominent success recounted by MacKerron
was a shareowner resolution filed at IdaCorp requesting that the company establish greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions reduction goals and to report on its plans to meet them. The resolution won 52% of
shareowners' votes, the first time that a resolution addressing climate change has ever won a
majority vote in the US.
"While As You Sow has worked on climate-based shareowner
resolutions in the past, this was the first year that we took on specific greenhouse gas issues,"
said MacKerron. "The work done by ICCR, Ceres,
and many pension funds on climate change has had its effect. And the fact that RiskMetrics (a proxy advisory firm) supported the proxy vote
on the resolution had a positive effect as well."
"The majority shareowner vote sends a
message that climate change has become a mainstream issue," MacKerron continued. "We hope it
becomes a bellweather for future votes on the issue."
Another important success realized
by As You Sow addressed the presence of nanomaterials in food and food packaging. Asked by
SocialFunds.com to describe As You Sow's activities in the area, Michael Passoff, the Associate
Director of As You Sow's CSR Program, replied, "We filed nanofood resolutions at Kraft and
McDonald's, and both were withdrawn based on what we learned through company dialogues and company
commitments for next steps."
Passoff continued, "We have agreements with Kraft and
McDonalds to work with them regarding transparency and policy respectively, and our goal is to work
with these companies to set a high bar that shareholders, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and
others can use as an industry standard for any food company considering the use of these products."
MacKerron described a shareowner resolution filed at Apple, asking the company to improve
its reporting to the Carbon Disclosure Project
(CDP) on GHG emissions by using aggregate levels, as many of its industry peers do, instead of
reporting on a product-by-product basis.
"Apple's emissions data is very poor," MacKerron
said. "Even with Al Gore sitting on its Board of Directors, Apple is not doing world-class
reporting on GHG emissions, while its peers seem to have no trouble doing so."
first-year proposal on GHG emissions reporting by Apple won 8% of shareowners' votes, which means
that the resolution can be re-filed in 2010.
MacKerron also brought SocialFunds.com up to
date on a shareowner resolution addressing electronic waste at Best Buy.
Best Buy agreed to use its own stores as take-back centers for recycling used electronic products,"
MacKerron said. "What started out as a pilot program at about 100 stores has since been rolled out
to all 1,000-plus Best Buy stores."
Berry of ICCR credits what appears to be a changing
temperament at the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), in which shareowner resolutions that
would have been disallowed in the past are now being allowed.
"Only five of the
resolutions submitted by our members were disallowed by the SEC this year," Berry said. "And that
we were able to withdraw many resolutions counts as victories as well. It means that companies are
listening to us."
"Companies are concerned about the current regulatory environment, and
that if they don't step up to the plate voluntarily they could well be subject to additional
regulatory pressure," Berry continued.
"What we're seeing today is an extraordinary
synergy between consumers, policymakers, and institutional investors," said Berry. "There seems to
be a new coalescing of purpose to build more justice and sustainability in society."
is truly the philosophy of enlightened self-interest at work," she concluded.