February 13, 2008
Three Major Banks Sign The Carbon Principles
by Anne Moore Odell
With the help of environmental groups and power companies, Citi, JPMorgan Chase and Morgan Stanley
outline carbon risk management for banks.
If banks are serious about managing their carbon footprints, they must go beyond simply greening up
their own companies' use of electricity to examining the projects they help finance. Three of the
largest US banks have created a carbon risk management protocol for their investment portfolios
with the drafting of The Carbon Principles.
At the beginning of February, Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan Chase, and Citi signed The Carbon Principles, which
lays out guidelines for climate change risk management and the financing of building new
electricity power plants. The financial institutions conceived the Principles with input from power
companies, including American Electric Power, CMS Energy, DTE Energy, NRG Energy, PSEG, Sempra and
Southern Company, and the non-governmental organizations, Environmental Defense and the Natural Resources Defense Council.
rational set of carbon principles to help guide energy investment strategy is vital to our nation's
energy and economic future," said Michael G. Morris, Chairman, President and Chief Executive
Officer of American Electric Power. "Recognizing that energy efficiency, renewables, cleaner fossil
technologies and other diverse solutions all have significant roles in addressing climate
challenges while maintaining economic and energy security establishes a framework for making the
best decisions regarding our nation's energy future."
David Crane, President and Chief
Executive Officer of NRG Energy added, "Given the capital intensive nature of this challenge, we
welcome these carbon principles as a sign that America's leading financial institutions are ready
to support a massive increase of investment in clean energy solutions. With the support of both
Wall Street and public policymakers in Washington, the American power industry can lead the way in
achieving the dramatic GHG reductions that are critical to the health of both our economy and our
The banks to address carbon risks around the construction of new coal burning
power plants also created an Enhanced Diligence framework attached to The Carbon Principles. The
Enhanced Diligence framework evaluates the carbon risks associated with heavy carbon producing
plants, mainly coal plants, by looking at the potential risks of future carbon litigation, carbon
The three Carbon Principles embraced by the banks are energy efficiency;
renewable and low carbon distributed energy technologies; and conventional and advanced generation.
Under conventional and advanced generation, the Principles include natural gas, coal and nuclear
power. A footnote to the Principles reads, "It is recognized that nuclear plants carry a host of
risks that financial institutions must consider, but which are outside the scope of these
Although consumers need affordable energy, the Principles do not try to
dictate to power companies how power should be generated. Instead, the Principles and Enhanced
Diligence factor the risks of higher carbon emitting methods. The Principles also include methods
that look at carbon mitigation factors as well.
The Carbon Principles are the first time
that US banks have come together to construct guidelines for investing in new electricity
generating plants and the greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted during power production. The three
original signatories invite other organizations and banks to sign onto The Carbon Principles.
"The Carbon Principles are just the latest step JPMorgan has taken to address environmental
risk," Brian Marchiony, spokesman for JPMorgan, told SocialFunds.com. "In addition to implementing
our own Environmental Policy, which includes reducing our own carbon footprint, we have produced
in-depth research on climate change, built out our environmental trading operations, and invested
our own money into alternative energy such as wind power and solar projects."
Rainforest Action Network (RAN) has been working with banks for years to
address their investment portfolios with regard to climate change. Rebecca Tarbotton, RAN's
Director of the Global Finance Campaign told SocialFunds.com that The Carbon Principles are a step
in the right direction: "The Carbon Principles are an indication that banks recognize a need to
take responsibility for their financial portfolios. These Principles are a bellwether of what's to
Tarbotton continued, "It is important to remember this is just the banks doing
their jobs. It's a forward movement, but you have to remember these are just principles, not
RAN pointed out that the three banks are not required to actually follow the
Principles and haven't actually committed to reduce the emissions from power plants that they are
currently financing. Tarbotton also noted that the Enhanced Diligence only refers to the
consideration of coal plants built in the US and doesn't address at all coal burning power plants
outside of this country.
RAN plans to continue their work with banks to address climate
change across sectors including coal extraction, transportation, etc.
The three banks are
betting on a sure thing with The Carbon Principles. Federal legislation favoring carbon
cap-and-trade programs is currently in front of both the US House and Senate. The Carbon Principles
dovetail into what is probably going to happen during the next Congress to support carbon risk