January 24, 2008
New Index Contains Companies that Support Stewardship
by Anne Moore Odell
Index leader launches first index series based on the Dharmic religions.
Dow Jones Indexes in partnership with Dharma Investments made investment
history when they recently released the first index series based in the Dharmic practices. The Dow
Jones Dharma Global Index also is available as four country specific indexes: US, UK, Japan and
The companies included in the Dharma Global Index are screened according to
principles found in religions of Buddhism and Hinduism. However, its creators also hope that its
broad range of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) screens has appeal to a broad range of
investors, inside and outside of these religious practices.
Dow Jones' website defines
Dharma as "spiritual concept central to the many religions originating in South Asia. . . Dharma
has a range of meanings that include 'duty', 'law', 'ethics', and 'fundamental principle' in Hindu
traditions, and 'teaching' or 'reality' or 'truth' in Buddhism."
The two principles
guiding the index family are "Ahimsa/Karuna" or non-violence and "Loka-samgraha/Metta" or the
concept of stewardship.
"The development of the Dow Jones Dharma Indexes marks the
collaboration of Dharma Investments, Dow Jones, and leading academics, spiritual leaders and
theologians from around the world," said Nitesh Gor, CEO, Dharma Investments Ltd.
continued, "As such, we have developed an expertise in the creation and application of Dharma
financial screens. Dharma Investments will use this expertise and research capability to provide
bespoke or existing 'dharma' screens for a range of third parties in areas such as private equity,
listed equities and commodities."
"The launch of the new Dow Jones Dharma Indexes marks a
major step in our effort to further expand our range of faith-based indexes," said Michael A.
Petronella, president of Dow Jones Indexes. Dow Jones Indexes pioneered this space by launching the
Dow Jones Islamic Market Indexes in 1999, today the leading Islamic market indexes worldwide."
The starting universe for the Dharma Index series is the top 5,000 components of the Dow
Jones Wilshire Global Total Market Index and the entire Dow Jones Wilshire India Index. The indexes
are weighted by float-adjusted market capitalization. Fifty-eight countries are represented in the
Three panels of religious leaders and experts within the Dharmic religions helped
create screens for the new I seriesndex. These screens include extensive environmental and
corporate governance screens. Certain businesses are also considered unfit with the Dharmic
practices including adult entertainment, aerospace and defense, alcohol, casinos and gaming,
genetic modification of agricultural products, pharmaceuticals, and tobacco.
Index screens sets it apart from other socially responsible screened indexes. Explained Gor, "Two
examples of difference [between the Dharma Indexes and other SRI indexes] are a) animal slaughter /
leather industries are out and b) the unique combination of various screens such as the sin sector
screens and ESG screens, animal rights screens."
As of December 31, 2007, the Dharma
Global Index had a total number of 3,445 stocks. The India Index had 250 stocks, the Japan Index
415, the UK index 208, and the US index 1,065.
Dharma Investments, with offices in
Guernsey, off the coast of England, was launched in January 2008 with these Indexes. Dharma
Investments is a specialist investment and advisory firm, pioneering the development of faith-based
investing for the Dharmic religion. Dharma Investments invited the members for the three boards,
Dow Jones Dharma Academic Advisory Committee, the Dow Jones Dharma Supervisory Board and the Dow
Jones Dharma Religious Council and will maintain the board responsible for determining the index
Last week, Dow Jones Indexes was awarded the "Best Islamic Index Provider" by
Islamic Finance News for its Dow Jones Islamic Market Indexes launched in 1999. This index family
was the first index family created to measure the global universe of investable equities that pass
industry and financial ratio screens for Shari'ah compliance.
More than 70 regional,
country and industry indexes are derived from the flagship the Dow Jones Islamic Market Indexes.
Excluded for the Muslim Indexes are companies that are involved in alcohol, defense/weapons,
entertainment, financial services, pork-related products and tobacco.