June 13, 2007
Shareholders Push Social and Environmental Issues to the Forefront
by Anne Moore Odell
Proxy season 2007 sees a huge number of social and environmental resolutions at US companies with
the growing support of voters.
With weeks still left in the US proxy season, the 2007 season is on track to set new record highs
for the number of social and environmental resolutions in front of shareholders. As of the end of
May, there were 359 social and environmental resolutions proposed, reports the Social Investment
Forum (SIF), the national association for
the social investment industry. SIF used data supplied from Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS).
Four themes dominate the
socially responsible resolutions: the environment, political giving, executive compensation and
sustainability reporting. Sustainability reporting has already seen a 100% increase with
shareholders asking companies to increase their sustainability reporting with 40 resolutions
already filed, as compared to only 20 similar resolutions in 2006. Shareholders are also concerned
about how corporations are spending their money in the political arena and are demanding clearer
disclosure of political contributions and trade association ties. Climate change leads
environmental resolutions, with 79 companies already facing votes on this issue. Sixty resolutions
on executive compensation have already been in front of shareholders.
for proposals asking for better corporate performance and disclosure on social and environmental
concerns has been rising fairly steadily over the past decade, and the first vote results available
from the 2007 season are consistent with this trend," said Meg Voorhes, ISS Social Issues Services
Shareholders want more oversight of corporate political giving, with this issue
leading the social and environmental docket SIF reports. Forty-four resolutions on this issue were
voted on last year. This year, there have already been 62 resolutions filed by shareholders. Most
of the proposals ask companies to disclose the political contributions made with corporate funds.
The proposals also ask companies to include in this disclosure, dues paid to trade associations
that support political causes. Many companies belong to trade associations that reject climate
change while the companies themselves proclaim they are working to mitigate climate change.
Companies seem to be responding to shareholder concern over political giving with 17 companies
so far this year agreeing to political disclosure, compared to just two companies withdrawing over
this issue four years ago. Investor are voting in greater numbers for the proposals that make it to
vote. In 2004 and 2005, only 10% voted for these resolutions, growing to 20% support so far in
2007. The Center for Political
Accountability reports that a political contribution proposal at Unisys received 51% support,
the first time that this type of proposal has had majority support.
Echoing the concerns
of people all over the world on the changing climate, shareholder at US companies are concerned if
the companies they invest with are considering the risks climate change poses. Thirty-nine climate
change proposals had been filed as of May 30. Climate change resolutions include a number of
different tacks including asking companies to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, report on
their climate change strategies, and invest in renewable energy.
Ceres, a nonprofit coalition of investors and environmental
groups that works to address sustainability issues, points to some of the major highlights on
climate change resolutions this year. ExxonMobil saw a 31% vote on climate change issues this year,
while its competitor CononoPhillips announced that it was joining the US Climate Action Partnership
and is also funding a $22.5 million research program at Iowa State University that will help
develop biofuel technologies. The vote at another energy provider, Allegheny, showed a 39% support
of its climate resolution. Ceres also noted that Wells Fargo agreed, after its proxy statement had
been printed, do a climate assessment in three key sectors of its lending portfolio and to share
findings with the proponents.
Forty resolutions have been filed this year asking companies
o create sustainability reports. Yet less than half of the proposals filed will be voted on, the
SIF reports, as filers and companies have reached agreements. Many of the resolutions ask the
company to use reporting standards created by the Global Reporting Initiative.
Another issue that
bridges the environmental, sustainability and social are the proposals that ask companies to
address the toxic chemicals found in their products or usedto make their products,
nearly 45% vote at Hasbro on a sustainability report, based on our concern about polyvinyl
chloride, was the second highest vote ever recorded for a sustainability resolution opposed by
management," said Dr. Richard A. Liroff, Executive Director, of the Investor Environmental Health
Network (IEHN), a group of investment managers
that work with their portfolio companies concerning the toxic chemicals in their products.
Liroff continued, "Equally noteworthy, however, are the votes that didn't occur because
resolutions were withdrawn at companies that either made firm public commitments to act, like Apple
on PVC and brominated flame retardants or were willing to begin conversations with filers on safer
chemicals policies, like Sears on PVC, Mohawk Industries on PVC and PFOA, and CVS on cosmetics."
Liroff pointed to several companies that are working on developing best practices around
toxic chemical reporting and sustainability. SC Johnson's Greenlist program works to systematically
reduce the toxicity of chemicals in SC Johnson products and reports that thus far it has made
progress towards its goal, and the progress is cost-neutral.
Chemistry' program, pat of its 'Considered Design' program, has also shown important progress,"
Liroff said. "Wal-Mart's "Preferred Substances Policy" offers great potential, but still hasn't
produced the critically important "chemicals scorecard" to guide suppliers towards safer chemicals
use," he added.
ISS reports that according to preliminary vote results over the 18 votes
this year on executive compensation as of May 18, support for shareholder advisory votes has
averaged 42.5%. Shareholders are also asking for changes in how executives are rewarded stock
options and for advisory votes on supplemental retirement benefits executives receive if the
company is sold. On May 9, shareholders of Blockbuster voted 57% in favor of the "say on pay"
proposal filed by the New York City Employees' Retirement System.
"This is the first year
that there has been a critical mass of resolutions on 'Say on Pay'" Timothy Smith, Senior Vice
President of Walden Asset Management and SIF member told SocialFunds. "Last year there were just
over 5votes. The response has been a significant show of support for this reform with 4 votes over
50 % and many in the 40% to50% range, with an average at present of 42%. We believe this indicates
a range of investors, including those voting yes for the first time, believe this is an important
and necessary change."
Social and environmental resolutions are important vehicles for
concerned investors to let companies know what shareholders think is important. As support grows
for social and environmental issue, companies and their boards are seeing that the environmental
and social issues are not the domain of special interest groups, but rather, important to many
investors and, finally, to their company's financial performance.