December 29, 2006
Launch of Three New Clean Tech Indexes Culminates Banner Year for Green Investing
by Bill Baue
The three Jefferies Global Clean Technology Indexes join the half-dozen green indexes introduced
Capping off the "year of green investing" that saw a doubling in the number of green indexes
(adding six to the existing five launched since August 2004), New York City-based investment bank
Jefferies introduced three new green
indexes last week. The Jefferies Global Clean Technology Composite Index (JGCTC) and two sub-indexes--on clean tech energy generation (JGCTEG) and clean tech energy storage (JGCTES)--track small- and mid-cap companies that derive at least half of
their revenues from clean tech.
"As investor interest in clean technology and
energy continues to grow, Jefferies has developed a series of exclusive indexes to enable our
institutional customers to evaluate these sectors and their related investments," said Ross
Stevens, co-head of equity products at Jefferies. "While related cleantech and energy indexes
exist in the market today, we carefully analyzed what is currently available in our development of
a distinctive offering that provides a level of breadth and depth notable on Wall Street."
The primary factor distinguishing the Jefferies indexes from existing green indexes is their
global reach. Only three of the existing green indexes are global--WilderShares New Energy Global
Innovation Index (NEX), the Ardour Global
Alternative Energy Index (AGIGL), and
KLD Global Climate 100 Index (GC100). Of the other existing green
indexes, one covers Europe--European Renewable Energy Index (ERIX)--and the remaining seven cover the US.
constituent lists of the various green energy indexes, however, exhibit significant overlap. Of
the top ten components of the Jefferies Global Clean Technology Composite Index, only one--First
not in the Ardour Global Alternative Energy Index. First Solar is also absent from the
WilderShares New Energy Global Innovation Index, along with Motech (6244.TWO) and Clipper Windpower (CWP.L). KLD Research & Analytics does not publish the
constituent list for the GC100, but publicly available information includes some of the names in
the top ten of the Jefferies clean tech indexes, such as Vestas Wind Systems (VWSYF.PK) and Gamesa (GAM.MC). Jefferies
spokesperson Tom Tarrant did not respond to SocialFunds.com's request for commentary on what is
distinctive about the Jefferies clean tech indexes.
According to backtests by Jefferies,
the Jefferies Global Clean Technology Composite Index and Energy Generation Index would have
significantly outperformed the S&P 500, while the Jefferies Global Clean Technology Energy Storage
Index would have underperformed significantly. Of course these indexes are comprised of small- and
mid-cap companies, so comparison with the Russell
2500 index of "smid"-caps (small- and mid-caps) would have provided a more accurate
benchmarking with the broader market of like companies.
Jefferies also introduced its
Global Industrial Biotechnology Index (JGCTIB) last week, which overlaps with its three clean tech indexes by
including biofuel companies such as Pacific Ethanol (PEIX), Biopetrol Industries (B2I.DE), and D1
However, this index also focuses on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Many socially
responsible investing (SRI) firms screen out companies involved in GMOs due to the environmental as
well as reputational and regulatory risks associated with genetic engineering. SRI research firm
Innovest Strategic Value Advisors
documented such risks in its 2005 report on
the top constituent in the Jefferies Global Industrial Biotechnology Index.
In addition to
these four green-related indexes, Jefferies introduced 16 other indexes last week, many covering
other energy sectors, such as the Jefferies Global Oil Service Index (JGOS), the Jefferies Global Drilling Contractor Index (JDC, and the Jefferies US Tanker Index (JUST). Halliburton (HAL), a company screened from many
SRI portfolios on environmental and ethical grounds, is the second-largest constituent in the
Global Oil Service Index.
The methodology summaries for these indexes
do not mention any environmental or ethical criteria. Jefferies spokesperson Tom Tarrant did not
respond to SocialFunds.com's questions on whether the company employs environmental criteria on its